Explore the Wonders of the World’s Largest Rain Forest on Our Peruvian Jungle Voyage
As the riverboat chugs its way up the chocolate-colored channel, fringed on either bank by tropical rain forest, the primal depths of the upper Amazon beckon. Our focus is the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve at the mighty river’s headwaters, a 5-million-acre mosaic of flooded and dry forest, islands and tea-colored creeks laden with tannins. It’s home to some of the greatest biodiversity on Earth, including the largest wildlife populations in the Amazon Basin. Disembark to explore by excursion boat and on foot, looking for pink and gray river dolphins, troops of monkeys, elusive sloths, flocks of brilliant macaws and bright butterflies. Lagoons covered in giant lily pads teem with fish and caiman, while scores of marsh birds hunt from shore. Visits to local villages round out our jungle adventure as we follow hundreds of miles of Amazon tributaries aboard a deluxe riverboat built for exploring the river system’s farthest reaches.
Day 1: Lima, Peru
Arrive in Lima, where our local representative meets you at the airport just outside customs. Transfer to our hotel where we'll have a welcome dinner this evening with our Expedition Leaders. Our location near the airport provides convenient access fortomorrow morning's flight to Iquitos.
Day 2: Lima / Iquitos / Nauta / Piranha Caño
Flying across the Andes to land in Iquitos, a once-booming rubber town that is now one of the largest cities in the Amazon, accessible only by air or water. Transfer to Nauta, a small riverside town on the banks of the Marañon River whose name literally means the “end of the road.” Here, we board our deluxe riverboat, Delfin II. Cruising slowly upstream, bound for the Amazon headwaters, enjoy panoramic views from the open-air top deck and sip exotic cocktails made with regional fruits and pisco, Peru’s beloved national brandy, as our Expedition Leaders provide an overview of the journey ahead.
This afternoon, disembark for a short skiff excursion to Piranha Caño, near the confluence of the Ucayali and Marañon Rivers that join to create the main stem of the mighty Amazon River. Traveling through flooded terrain, we discover a tranquil lagoon rich in birdlife, especially seedeaters that are difficult to find elsewhere. This is also a good spot to search for monkeys and sloths.
Day 3: Amazon River / Clavero Lagoon / Supay Cocha
Board excursion boats and head out for an introduction to the "river sea" that is the Amazon. These legendary waters thrum with small boats coming to market, while the skies overhead are animated with a variety of birds. On a morning excursion to Clavero Lagoon, we hope to observe egrets, herons, hawks and long-legged neo-tropical cormorants fishing for breakfast. We also explore other linked blackwater lagoons that are part of this huge lake, watching wattled jacanas compete for food with spiders, and spying grasshoppers and butterflies that thrive along the edges of freshwater swamps and marshes. This afternoon, take another skiff excursion into Supay Cocha, a lagoon teeming with fish. Watch for troops of squirrel monkeys and plenty of birds, including black- and white-tailed trogons and paradise tanagers.
Day 4: Ucayali River / Yanallpa / Dorado River
This morning we visit Belluda Caño Creek near Yanallpa, home to the ribereño people, indigenous dwellers in the rain forest for centuries. This small tributary is a prime location to search for pink and gray Amazon river dolphins. These freshwater dolphins are highly social, friendly and intelligent, with a brain capacity 40 percent greater than humans. Plying the water in open skiffs, we have a chance for particularly close encounters with these rare creatures. Keep an eye peeled, too, for wide-eyed owl monkeys—the world’s only nocturnal monkeys—resting in the forest canopy in preparation for their next forage.
Navigating small waterways off the main river, we are immersed in the verdant recesses of the world's largest rain forest. The Dorado River is our first stop inside the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, Peru's largest protected area established in 1982 to preserve the exceptional biodiversity of the northern Amazon wilderness. As we cruise slowly along, search for birds such as snail kites, festive parrots, olive-spotted hummingbirds, Amazonian parrotlets, wood creepers and endangered scarlet macaws. Squirrel monkeys move in large, noisy troops overhead while iguanas laze in the sun. We may see more gray and pink river dolphins slicing gracefully through the water. At every turn, our guides reveal the secrets of the rain forest, helping us find wildlife where we would never see it on our own, given the amazing camouflage of so many masterfully adapted species. Before making our way back to the ship, scan the riverbanks for spectacled caiman, frogs, owls and capybara, the world's largest rodent. After dark, head up to the top deck to listen to the symphony of night sounds in the forest.
Day 5: Zapote River / Pacaya River
This morning, explore the blackwater Zapote River in kayaks. The water, while clear, is the color of dark tea, an effect of the tannins deposited by the rich vegetation along the banks. Along this small tributary, we frequently observe a variety of monkeys including squirrel, monk saki and brown capuchin. Where dry ground exists, step ashore for rain forest walks, keeping an eye out for a host of birds: large-billed terns, laughing falcons, gray tanagers, snowy egrets, horned screamers, tiger herons, short-tailed parrots, parakeets and perhaps the flashy scarlet macaw. We may even spy a three-toed sloth nestled in a cecropia tree.
This afternoon we reach the Pacaya River at the heart of the Pacaya Samiria Reserve. This vast flooded landscape, called the "mirrored forest," covers 10,000 square miles at the headwaters of the Amazon and is home to Peru's greatest concentration of wildlife. We set out to explore this emerald realm of trees, vines, streams and lagoons. Overhead, look for macaws, black-collared hawks, prehistoric hoatzin birds, capuchins and red howler monkeys, whose eerie call reverberates through the canopy for miles. We begin to get a sense of the layered richness of the reserve's mixed habitats: its 85 lakes are home to 250 species of fish, while it protects 132 species of mammals, 150 reptile and amphibian species, and 450 different kinds of birds. The reserve also contains the largest variety of flora in Peru, including huge bromeliads and 22 species of orchids.
Day 6: Sapuena Creek / Yarapa River / Puerto Miguel
Wake to the sounds of the jungle teeming with life, and join our expert naturalists for a dawn birding excursion on Sapuena Creek, a blackwater stream leading to a large lake. Watch for purple and azure gallinules and wattled jacanas along the lakeshore before returning to the ship for breakfast. This afternoon, our skiffs cruise upstream to reach the Yarapa River, a remote tributary of the upper Amazon. Turning into the Yarapa, watch for colorful birds such as the plum-throated cotinga, and look for river dolphins swimming alongside our boat. According to local lore, the dolphins turn into humans to steal handsome men or pretty women from their villages during celebrations.
Later in the day, disembark for a short skiff ride to Puerto Miguel, a riverside village where we'll meet residents whose indigenous culture has been a part of this region for centuries. At the thriving arts and crafts market, we have a chance to purchase items that support the community and empower women artisans. Sales indirectly help preserve local fauna, since income generated decreases the need for illegal hunting. We also visit a local school before heading out on a jungle walk in search of sloths and monkeys—then return to the Delfin II for dinner.
Day 7: Amazon Natural Park—Canopy Walk / Yanayacu Pucate / San Regis
This morning we head up the other main tributary of the Amazon, the Marañon River. Along the way, we stop at Amazon Natural Park, with the only canopy walk in the area. Suspended 85 feet above the ground, the walkway extends a third of a mile through the upper tier of the rain forest—one of the longest canopy walks in the world. The treetops provide an excellent vantage point for observing the terra firma forest, including walking palms and trees festooned with epiphytes.
Board kayaks and skiffs this afternoon to travel farther up the Marañon to a virtually unvisited section of Pacaya Samiria, where the Yanayacu and Pucate rivers meet. Giant kapok and strangler fig trees along the banks shelter a multitude of wildlife, and our Expedition Leaders explain the various micro-ecosystems found here in one of the most pristine parts of the Pacaya Samiria Reserve. Look for pink dolphins by kayak, then continue to San Regis, an isolated village that rarely sees outsiders. We visit with the prestigious shaman Carola, known throughout the region as a healer and spiritual guide. In addition to living a normal village life with her woodcarver husband, she is a spiritual caretaker to hundreds of residents spread over remote stretches of jungle.
Day 8: Fundo Casual Trail / Tawampa Lake / Nauto Caño Creek
Early risers will be rewarded with the most abundant bird and animal life in the reserve on this morning's excursion. We set out at sunrise, when wildlife is most active in the tropics, to follow the Fundo Casual trail, walking deep into the forest on dry ground in search of sloths, birds and more. Look closely for brightly colored poison dart frogs, leafcutter ants and other intriguing small creatures along our path. After lunch, head to Tawampa Lake to board skiffs in search of the giant arapaima, the largest freshwater fish in the world. Then cruise to the NautoCaño River, a small creek via which we explore marshes, side streams and oxbow lakes while searching for many different birds and three-toed sloths in the trees.
As the sun sinks below the canopy, an exciting adventure awaits: a chance to witness the transformation of the rain forest by nightfall. An orchestra of sounds evolves as nocturnal creatures awaken, with crickets and night birds providing a percussive rhythm. In the darkness, our guides use powerful spotlights to search for wildlife. Black caiman, frogs, capybara, opossum, common potoo, black-crowned night heron, pauraques, spectacled owls and nighthawks are commonly spotted along the banks, while fish bats swoop down to scoop fish from the water. Back aboard ship, prepare to bid farewell to the Amazon on the open observation deck with one last night of stargazing.
Day 9: Nauta / Iquitos / Lima / Depart
Disembark in Nauta this morning and visit the Rescue & Rehabilitation Center for River Mammals en route to Iquitos. Here, biologists and volunteers care primarily for endangered Amazon manatees that conservation authorities have seized from fishermen and locals who have captured them illegally. Scientists discuss efforts to help these vulnerable mammals, including how they are prepared for reintroduction to their natural habitat. We'll have the chance to see baby manatees and interact with charming, docile adults, maybe even helping to feed them. Other animals are also cared for at the center, often rescued after being captured as pets. We fly together to Lima, where a day room is provided to relax and freshen up before overnight flights home.
Please Note: This itinerary is meant as a guideline and can change due to weather conditions, internal flight schedules and river water levels. On some occasions, these conditions may require us to deviate from our intended itinerary, in which case we will provide the best available alternative. And we'll make a great adventure of it!